Ph.D. Dissertation Defense: Vinay Praneeth Boda
Monday, December 11, 2017
301 405 0680
ANNOUNCEMENT: Ph.D. Dissertation Defense
Name: Vinay Praneeth Boda
Professor Prakash Narayan, Chair
Professor Alexander Barg
Professor Sennur Ulukus
Professor Piya Pal
Professor Benjamin Kedem, Dean's Representative
Date/Time: Monday, December 11, 2017, 3:30 pm
Place: AV Williams 2168
Title: Sampling Rate Distortion
Consider a memoryless multiple source with m components of which a (possibly randomized) subset of k ≤ m components are sampled at each time instant and jointly compressed with the objective of reconstructing a prespecified subset of the m components under a given distortion criterion. The combined sampling and lossy compression mechanisms are to be designed to perform robustly with or without exact knowledge of the underlying joint probability distribution of the source. In this dissertation, we introduce a new framework of sampling rate distortion to study the tradeoffs among sampling mechanism, encoder-decoder structure, compression rate and the desired level of accuracy in the reconstruction.
We begin with a discrete memoryless multiple source whose joint probability mass function (pmf) is taken to be known. A notion of sampling rate distortion function is introduced to study the mentioned tradeoffs, and is characterized first for fixed-set sampling. Next, for independent random sampling performed without the knowledge of the source outputs, it is shown that the sampling rate distortion function is the same whether or not the decoder is informed of the sequence of sampled sets. For memoryless random sampling, with the sampling depending on the source outputs, it is shown that deterministic sampling, characterized by a conditional point-mass, is optimal and suffices to achieve the sampling rate distortion function.
Building on this, we consider a universal setting where the joint pmf of a discrete memoryless multiple source is known only to belong to a finite family of pmfs.
In Bayesian and nonBayesian settings, single-letter characterizations are provided for the universal sampling rate distortion function for the fixed-set sampling, independent random sampling and memoryless random sampling. We show that these sampling mechanisms successively improve upon each other: (i) in their ability to enable an associated encoder approximate the underlying joint pmf and (ii) in their ability to choose appropriate subsets of the multiple source for compression by the encoder.
Lastly, we consider a jointly Gaussian multiple memoryless source, to be reconstructed under a mean-squared error distortion criterion, with joint probability distribution function known only to belong to an uncountable family of probability density functions (characterized by a convex compact subset in Euclidean space). For fixed-set sampling, we characterize the universal sampling rate distortion function in Bayesian and nonBayesian settings. We also provide optimal reconstruction algorithms, of reduced complexity, which compress and reconstruct the sampled source components first under a modified distortion criterion, and then form MMSE estimates for the unsampled components based on reconstructions of the former.
The questions addressed in this dissertation are motivated by various applications, e.g., dynamic thermal management for multicore processors, in-network computation and satellite imaging.