Clark School Home UMD

ISR News Story

Waks, Shapiro receive NSF EAGER grant to test spintronic devices

Associate Professor Edo Waks (ECE/IREAP) is the principal investigator and Professor Benjamin Shapiro (BioE/ISR) is co-PI on a two-year, $300K NAS BRAIN EAGER grant, “Wireless Measurement of Neuronal Currents Using Spin-Torque Nano-Oscillators.”

The brain is a complex network of interconnected circuits that exchange signals in the form of “action potentials,” which hold the key to understanding cognition and complex thought. Currently available non-invasive methods for probing neuronal activity are limited because they cannot achieve sufficient spatial or temporal resolution to observe individual action potentials from single neurons or small clusters.

Waks and Shapiro will develop a novel approach for non-invasive measurements that can read out individual action potentials across the entire brain. Their project will take advantage of recent advances in spintronic devices to create injectable nano-reporters. These nano-reporters will detect weak electrical signals in the brain and convert them to microwave signals that can be detected wirelessly outside the body using a spin-torque nano-oscillator (STNO). This approach could ultimately lead to the first non-invasive technology capable of measuring activations of individual neurons and small-scale neuronal networks in primates and humans, and could have a major impact on the understanding of the inner workings of the brain and cognition. The approach also could have important clinical applications, particularly in neurological disorders and brain machine interfaces.

About the STNO
The STNO is a nanoscale device and can report on the firing and location of a single neuron. It responds in microseconds to electric signals, and thus can be directly used to measure individual neuronal action potentials. This project represents the first application of the exciting and rapidly evolving field of spintronics to neurobiology. A test system will be developed that includes a neuron simulator (a tunable circuit that simulates the voltages and impedance of a single neuron) and a high-sensitivity microwave receiver to demonstrate the ability of these devices to wirelessly report the activation state of a neuron. This project also involves the design, fabrication, and test optimization of STNO devices for neurobiological applications. The ultimate and specific goal is to perform a proof-of-concept demonstration of the apparatus on a live axon.

This award is made jointly by two NSF programs: the Instrument Development for Biological Research program (IDBR) and Emerging Frontiers (EF) in the Directorate of Biological Sciences (BIO).

Related Articles:
UMD auditory cortex research featured in Nature Neuroscience
Simon, Lau to investigate neural bases of natural language understanding
UMD researchers awarded $5.3M NIH BRAIN Initiative grant
Radio interview with Jonathan Simon on "the cocktail party problem"
Stop—hey, what’s that sound?
Researchers part of two NSF Neural & Cognitive Systems grants worth more than $1.2 million
UMD's Kanold and Losert, NIMH's Plenz receive $1.7M BRAIN Grant
Yin, Fritz, Shamma publish neuroplasticity study in Journal of Neuroscience
‘Cocktail party effect’ helps us focus in noisy environments
Jonathan Simon selected for National Academies' NAKFI conference

September 3, 2014


Prev   Next

 

 

Current Headlines

Ring Resonators Corner Light

Alireza Khaligh promoted to full professor

Alumna Aisha Al-Obaid to join Kuwait University faculty

Clark School Team to Compete in NASA's RASC-AL Competition

Alum Ahmed Arafa to join UNC Charlotte faculty this fall

Ayan Mallik to join Arizona State University faculty

Sennur Ulukus is plenary speaker at Canadian Workshop on Information Theory

Jiang, Marakby, Vaswani, and Wu named 2019 ECE Distinguished Alumni

Mallik and Ferlic Win Dean's Doctoral and Master's Student Research Awards

UMD Energy Start-Up receives $8M investment

News Resources

Return to Newsroom

Search News

Archived News

Events Resources

Events Calendar