A magnetometer uses a material exhibiting the Faraday effect, in which the polarization of light transmitted through the material is changed in response to a magnetic field. When the material is placed in a Fabry-Perot cavity, multiple reflections of the light within the Fabry-Perot cavity increase the change in polarization and thus the sensitivity of the magnetometer. Other effects that alter the polarization of light can be employed instead.
U.S. Patent and Trademark Office DescriptionPTO
Inventor(s) Christopher Davis
, Richard Wagreich