Surfaces having a hierarchical structure--having features of both microscale and nanoscale dimensions--can exhibit superhydrophobic properties and advantageous condensation and heat transfer properties. The hierarchical surfaces can be fabricated using biological nanostructures, such as viruses as a self-assembled nanoscale template.
U.S. Patent and Trademark Office DescriptionPTO
Inventor(s) Reza Ghodssi
, James N Culver, Ryan Enright, Konstantinos Gerasopoulos, Matthew McCarthy, Evelyn N Wang