Moss research uncovers bats' systematic 'active sensing' strategiesNew research by Professor Cynthia Moss (Psychology/ISR) and her colleagues Yossi Yovel, Ben Falk and Nachum Ulanovsky was recently featured in a story in The New York Times.
Active Control of Acoustic Field-of-View in a Biosonar System appears in the Sept. 13 edition of PLoS Biology.
The research uncovered systematic “active-sensing” strategies used by echolocating bats to scan their environment. The researchers trained Egyptian fruit bats to land on a target, under conditions of varying levels of environmental complexity, and measured their echolocation and flight behavior. The bats modulated the intensity of their biosonar emissions, and the spatial region they sampled, in a task-dependant manner.
The bats selectively changed the emission intensity and the angle between the beam axes of sequentially emitted clicks, according to the distance to the target, and depending on the level of environmental complexity. In so doing, they effectively adjusted the spatial sector sampled by a pair of clicks—the “field-of-view.”
The results suggest that lingual echolocation (based on tongue clicks) is much more sophisticated than previously believed, and reveal a new parameter under active control in animal sonar—the angle between consecutive beams. The findings suggest that acoustic scanning of space by mammals is highly flexible and modulated much more selectively than previously recognized.
Published September 22, 2011